The clash between police officers from the Jakarta Metropolitan Office and dozens of paramilitary members of the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) (otherwise known as Laskar FPI) left many questions not only regarding the chronology of events but also on the legality of the actions taken by the officers. Several parties have conducted investigations related to this incident in the country, ranging from internal inspections of the National Police (Polri) to the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM). However, the investigations carried out were not satisfactory for FPI. It submitted a request for examination to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Anyone who knows the ins and outs of international law must understand that FPI’s efforts are futile.

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