We can still remember how the political atmosphere heated in mid-2015 after the then Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Sudirman Said filed a report on a suspected attempt at abuse of authority by the then Speaker of the House of Representatives (DPR) Setya Novanto. Novanto and his friend businessman Muhammad Riza Chalid had supposedly met with PT Freeport Indonesia and promised the Company an extension of contract. Sudirman Said brought a sound recording of the alleged meeting to the DPR’s Board of Ethics (MKD), and parallel to that Sudirman also reported the case to the Attorney General’s Office (AGO). It was around this time that Setya Novanto filed two petitions for judicial review at the Constitutional Court (MK). Novanto’s judicial review requests are focused on the four provisions of law he deemed unconstitutional. On September 7, 2016, the MK granted Setya Novanto’s petitions.

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