The development of four special economic zones (SEZ or KEK) that are supposed to become operational before the end of 2017 is not going according to plan and therefore there emerge serious doubts whether these KEKs can come online before the year-end. These four KEKs are (1) Maloy Batuta Trans Kalimantan, (2) Tanjung Api-Api, (3) Morotai, and (4) Bitung. Two other KEKs, on the other hand, can start commercial operations within the next couple of months. These are Mandalika and Palu. Originally, the Indonesian government targeted to open six KEKs in 2017. A KEK is a designated area that offers foreign and local investors preferential regulatory and tax regimes, as well as the availability of key physical infrastructure such as harbors and power plants that make it attractive for investment.