The Japanese economy advanced 0.1 percent quarter-on-quarter in the three months to September 2019, below market expectations of a 0.2 percent expansion and following a 0.4 percent growth in the previous period, a preliminary estimate showed. This marked the weakest pace of quarterly expansion since a 0.5 percent contraction in the September quarter last year, mainly due to a slowdown in household consumption and a negative contribution from net exports. On an annualized basis, the economy expanded 0.2 percent in the third quarter, the fourth straight quarter of growth, after an upwardly revised 1.8 percent expansion in the June quarter and missing estimates of a 0.8 percent advance.