In a final ruling, released Thursday (Nov 9), the US Commerce Department set anti-subsidy rates in the range of 34.45-64.73% for palm oil-based biodiesel imports that originate from Indonesia. This final ruling was slightly lighter than the preliminary 41.06-68.28% range that was set in August 2017. In the meantime Indonesia lost an appeal ruling at the WTO in a dispute with, again, the USA and New Zealand over restrictions on imports of food and animal products. New Zealand and the USA brought the case to the WTO panel claiming Indonesia’s move was a violation of their trade agreements. In December 2016, a panel of adjudicators faulted Indonesia, which made Indonesia appeal.