After the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) named him as a suspect in the electronic identity card (E-KTP) graft case in July 2017, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the leader of Golkar Setya Novanto, helped by his legal team, used a variety of ways to avoid conviction. After winning the pre-trial suit and his status as a suspect was declared invalid, Setya Novanto again filed a lawsuit at the Jakarta State Administrative Court so that the warrant prohibiting him from traveling abroad would be immediately revoked. In addition, Setya Novanto refused to answer the KPK’s summon to be examined as a witness in the same case, arguing that the law requires the KPK to seek the President’s permission before it could examine a member of the House of Representatives.To subscribe please click here